For most of us, a smartphone is a universally helpful tool that can and has largely replaced other gadgets as a one-stop shop for all of our needs. For a hacker, smartphones have a very different meaning: they are treasure troves of data ripe for theft.
That’s because we store incredible amounts of private information on our smartphones. From access to our various accounts to private text messages, emails, and photos, our smartphones carry value in a way that was previously unheard of. A compromise can quickly become both expensive and embarrassing.
But is it necessary for us to be victims waiting for something bad to happen? It might seem like hackers have the upper hand, but there are plenty of ways to protect your device and lower your risk of getting into trouble. Getting the ball back into your court is much easier than you’d think.
Get Those Updates
One of the easiest and most direct ways to reduce your risk of being hacked is updating your phone whenever the opportunity presents itself. These updates, such as the recent move to Android Nougat 7.0 or Apple’s move to iOS10, can fix exploits hackers use to infiltrate your device.
As easy as updating can be, it’s one of the most neglected steps. Updates can sometimes change your interface or keep old apps from working. However, some older apps and elements might pose a major risk, and moving up to a newer version is typically worth the trade-off.
Just remember that some companies don’t continue to provide updates for their older products, so at some point, you might be forced to buy a newer phone to continue receiving updates.
Use a Virtual Private Network
Using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) is another easy step you can take to throw hackers off your trail—literally, in this case, because a VPN actually helps make your device wholly anonymous and virtually invisible to hackers.
Secure Thoughts, an internet security company, lists VPNs as one of the best resources because of the encryption they add to your connection. While encryption isn’t the only feature offered by VPNs, it’s arguably the most important because it makes your data useless to thieves. Encrypted information can still be stolen, but it can’t be read or used in any way.
While VPNs can protect you all the time, the point you’ll get the most use out of them is while accessing public WiFi. Unsecured public networks are among the most popular hotspots hackers use to infiltrate people’s devices. Without a service securing your connection, it only takes a few minutes to access nearly everything you’ve got to steal.
Stick With First-Party Apps
Numerous websites purport to have free, reliable apps with no strings attached that can outperform paid apps in your native app store. In some cases, the claims are true; in most cases, you’re looking at taking unnecessary risks.
Apps downloaded outside of Android or iOS and their respective controlled app stores are subject to infection by malware or may outright be designed to steal information from your device. Contrast that with the vetted apps available through the app store, and the decision isn’t a difficult one.
Grab an Antivirus App
There are multiple different companies that offer anti-virus apps for your mobile device, and while not all are created equal, they all provide the valuable service of extra security by ensuring apps and files you download aren’t infected with anything before you open them. Hackers love to use malware to steal passwords and account information.
Even if you’re sticking with first-party apps, there are still times when you need to download a PDF, image or another file type for use on your device. These files are just as apt to be infected by malware, so having a service such as Avast or Panda can help stop threats before they become a problem.
Use a Password Manager
The increase in the number of accounts each person accesses on a regular basis means a greater need to create and remember more passwords. For many of us, that means reusing the same password and putting not just one but all of our accounts at risk.
Instead of compromising, use a service such as LastPass to cut down on your need to memorize passwords. This will allow you to use a single master password to access your accounts while still maintaining strong, difficult individual passwords for each unique login.
LastPass stores your passwords on an encrypted server, so you’ll never have to worry about hackers stealing them because—much like the VPN situation described above—encrypted information really isn’t worth much to a thief.
Avoid Suspicious Links
Scams are another tool in the hacker arsenal and a popular one at that. Criminals like to create fake websites and send out hyperlinks via SMS, email or from other compromised accounts. These links are often disguised as popular pages such as the Facebook login screen or your email account login page.
Look for unusual behavior in posts from friends as an indicator of a hacker using them to scam others. Deviations from the standard way the person types (particularly strange grammatical mistakes) can reveal the identity of a fraudster enough for you to report the account stolen and avoid losing your own accounts to their scam.
When in doubt, check the URL address of links before visiting them. You can do this by tapping and holding your finger on a link; if you’re already on the page, just look at the address bar. Variations from the regular page address such as facebook.com versus facebooku.com might mean you’re somewhere you shouldn’t be.
Bring It Together
Once you’ve assembled the multitude of different security strategies available, your smartphone will work as an effective fortress against the waves of hackers trying to crash into your personal life. As simple as these steps might seem, they go a long way in preventing the major financial consequences associated with data theft.
Are you doing enough to keep hackers out of your smartphone? If you have other tips to share about keeping your smartphone safe, please post in the comment section below.